Effectiveness of Cultured Chondrocytes in the Restoration of Bone and Cartilage Defects of the Knee Joint (Experimental Study)
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regenerative medicine; cultured chondrocytes; cell therapy; articular cartilage defects.

How to Cite

Zubov, D., Poliachenko, Y., Kostrub, O., Kotiuk, V., Blonskyi, R., & Zasadniuk, I. (2021). Effectiveness of Cultured Chondrocytes in the Restoration of Bone and Cartilage Defects of the Knee Joint (Experimental Study). TERRA ORTHOPAEDICA, (1(108), 13-22. https://doi.org/10.37647/0132-2486-2021-108-1-13-22


Summary. The aim of our study was to determine the effectiveness of cultured articular chondrocytes in agarose hydrogel (early follow-up, 3 months) in the restoration of simulated cartilaginous defects of the knee of critical size in large animals.

Materials and Methods. The experimental series consisted of 4 dogs (right hind limb) with created defects of articular cartilage deeper than the subchondral bone in the area of the intercondylar notch of the femur with a diameter of 3 mm and 5 mm deep. At the second stage of the experiment, agarose hydrogel with cultured allogeneic chondrocytes was implanted (sealed) into the injured joint intraarticularly. The control series consisted of 4 animals (left hind limb) without agarose hydrogel with cultured allogeneic chondrocytes implantation to the intercondylar notch of the femur. Agarose hydrogel with cultured allogeneic chondrocytes was implanted by application into the defects of the articular surfaces after curettage of the bottom and walls of bone and cartilage defects of the articular surfaces. Cell preparations and cultures were microscopically magnified at 40, 100, 200, and 320 times. Histological sections 10-15 μm thick, made using a cryotome, were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and hematoxylin-picrofuxin according to van Gizon.

Results. The technique of enzymatic isolation of chondrocytes articular cartilage of a dog was optimized. The satisfactory efficacy of cultured allogeneic articular chondrocytes in agarose hydrogel (early observation) in the treatment of simulated bone and cartilage defects of critical size in large animals within the planned observation period is shown.

Conclusions. The experimental study explored the effectiveness of the use of cultured allogenic articular chondrocytes embedded in agarose hydrogel (early follow-up period) in the restoration of modeled knee cartilage defects of critical size in dogs within the planned follow-up period. For the selected follow-up period (3 months), the signs of regenerate formation, which was characterized by its immaturity and the presence of a mixture of fibrous connective tissue and fibrous cartilage with the chondroid structure inclusions, were revealed in experimental group.

ARTICLE PDF (Українська)


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